ECE R80 describes two alternative test procedures to validate occupant safety of bus seats. Static loads are applied or the seats have to fulfill dynamic. ECE R80 – 关于客车座椅以及客车针对座椅结构的UNECE法规,此为法规的原始 版本以及对该版本的一些列修订和勘误。 对本法规的第2次修订已经. R Strength of seats and their anchorages for M2 and/or M3 http://www.
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Requirements for a seat type Requirements for a vehicle f80 Penalties for non-conformity of production Names and addresses of technical services responsible for conducting approval tests and of administrative departments. Annex 2 – Communication concerning the approval or refusal or extension or withdrawal of approval or production definitely discontinued of a type of vehicle with regard to the strength of the seat anchorages pursuant to Regulation No.
Annex 5 – Test procedure for the anchorages of a vehicle in application of paragraph 6. Annex 6 – Measurements to be made Annex 7 – Determination of acceptability criteria Annex 8 – Procedure for determining the “H” point and the actual torso angle for seating positions in motor vehicles SCOPE This Regulation applies to vehicles constructed for the carriage of more than sixteen passengers, in addition to the driver and crew, in respect of: The seat anchorages provided in the vehicle and intended to be fitted with the seats indicated in paragraph 1.
Structure, shape, dimensions and materials of the load bearing parts; Types and dimensions of the seat back adjustment and locking system; Dimensions, structure and materials of the attachments and supports e. The application for approval of the vehicle shall be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative.
ECE regulations: ECE R upgrade
The application for approval of a seat or a vehicle shall be accompanied by the following documents in triplicate and the following particulars: For approval of a seat: A detailed description of the seat, its attachment fittings and its adjustment, displacement and locking systems; Drawings, on an appropriate scale and in sufficient detail, of the seat, its attachment fittings and adjustment, displacement and locking systems; For approval ede a vehicle: A detailed description of the parts of the structure of the vehicle used as anchorages; Drawings, on an appropriate scale and in sufficient detail, of the parts of the vehicle used as anchorages.
The following shall be submitted to the technical service responsible for the approval tests: Two seats representative of the type to be approved, in the case of approval of a seat, 2.
If the vehicle submitted for approval under this Regulation meets the relevant requirements of paragraph 6 below, approval of that vehicle type shall be granted. An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved.
Its first two digits at present 00 for the Regulation in its original form shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party shall not assign the same number to any other seat type or any ecr vehicle type.
There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the approval form, to every seat conforming to a seat type approved under this Regulation and to every vehicle conforming to a vehicle type approved under this Regulation an international approval mark fce of: Subsequent numbers shall be assigned to other countries in the chronological order in which they ratify or accede ec the Agreement concerning the Adoption of Uniform Conditions of Approval and Reciprocal Recognition of Approval for Motor Vehicle Equipment and Parts, and the numbers thus assigned shall be communicated by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to the Contracting Parties to the Agreement.
The number of this Regulation, followed by the letter R, a dash and the approval number, placed to the right of the circle prescribed in paragraph 4. The approval mark shall be clearly legible and shall be indelible. As the case may be, the approval mark shall eve placed on the seat or seats or on, or close to, the data plate affixed to the vehicle by the manufacturer. Examples of arrangements of approval marks are given in annex 3. Fce suitable test may be used provided that its equivalence with one of the prescribed tests is demonstrated.
ECE R80 Certified plastic bus seat city bus seat plastic seat for bus
The test is to determine: If the seat occupant s is are correctly retained by the seat s in front of r0 them. This requirement shall be considered satisfied: If the seat occupant s is are not seriously injured. The maximum eece of the central point of application of each of the forces prescribed in paragraph 3. The seat and the seat mountings are strong ecd.
No part of the seat, the seat mountings or the accessories becomes completely detached during the test; The seat remains firmly held, even if ecw or more anchorages is partly detached, and all the locking systems remain locked during the whole duration of the test; After the test no structural cee of the seat or accessories has any fracture or sharp or pointed edges or corners likely to cause any bodily injury. All fittings forming part of the back of the seat or accessories thereto shall be such as to be unlikely to cause any bodily injury to a passenger during impact.
This requirement shall be considered satisfied if any part contactable by a sphere mm in diameter presents a radius of curvature of at least 5 mm. If any part of the fittings and accessories referred to above is made of a material of hardness less than 50 shore A on a rigid backing, the requirements set out in paragraph 5. The parts of the back of the seat such as adjustment devices for the seat and accessories shall not be subject to any requirements of paragraph 5.
The rr80 and locking systems shall not be required to be in full working order after the test. The seat need not be an approved seat provided that it satisfies the requirements of paragraph 5. Permanent deformation, including breakage, of an anchorage or the surrounding area shall be permissible provided the prescribed force has been sustained throughout the prescribed period.
When there is more than one type of anchorage on a vehicle, each variant shall be tested in order to obtain approval for the vehicle. One test may be used to approve simultaneously a seat and a vehicle.
In order to verify that the requirements of paragraph 7. In this case, suitable controls means checking the dimensions of the product as well as the existence of procedures for the effective control of the quality of products.
The holder of the approval shall in particular: The competent authority which has granted type approval may at any time verify the conformity control methods applicable to each production unit and carry out on samples any test deemed necessary among the tests carried out for the approval. The normal frequency of inspections authorized by the competent authority shall be one per year. In the case where negative results are recorded during one of these ee, the competent authority shall ensure that all necessary steps are taken to re-establish the conformity of production as rapidly as possible.
The department may then either: Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations shall be communicated by eve procedure specified in paragraph 4. Upon receiving the relevant communication that authority shall inform thereof the other Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in annex 1 and or annex 2 to this Regulation. Trade name or mark of the seat: Manufacturer’s name and address: If applicable, name and address of the manufacturer’s representative: Brief description of the seat type, its attachment fittings and its adjustment, displacement and locking systems including the minimum distance between fitting points: Test carried out for approval: Seat submitted for approval on: Technical service, responsible for the approval test: Date of report issued by that service: Number of report issued by that service: Position of approval mark on the seat: The following documents, bearing the approval number shown above, are available on request: Trade name or mark of the vehicle: Brief description of the vehicle type according to dce anchorages and minimum value of the distance between the anchorages: Vehicle submitted for approval on: Technical service, responsable for the approval test: Location of t80 mark on the vehicle: Arrangement in the approval mark for a seat “D” The above approval mark affixed to a seat shows that the seat type concerned has, with regard to the strength of the seats, the test being carried out in accordance with paragraph 2 of annex 4, been approved in the R0 E4 under number The approval number indicates that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of Regulation No.
Arrangement of the approval mark for a seat “S” The above approval mark affixed to a seat shows that the seat type concerned has, with regard to the strength of the seats, the test being carried out in accordance with paragraph 3 of annex 4, been approved in the Netherlands E4 under number Arrangement of t80 approval mark for a vehicle type The above approval mark, affixed to a vehicle, shows that this type of vehicle has been approved in the Netherlands E4 under number with regard to the strength of the anchorages on the vehicle.
The anchorage on the testing platform provided for the test seat s shall be identical to or have the same characteristics as that used in vehicle s in which the seat is intended to be used. The seat to be tested shall be complete with all upholstery and accessories. If the seat is fitted with a table, it shall be in the stowed position.
If adjustable laterally, the seat shall be positioned for maximum extension. If adjustable, the seat back shall be adjusted so that the resulting inclination of the torso of the manikin used for determining the H point and the actual torso angle for seating positions in motor vehicles according to annex 8 is as close as possible to that recommended by the manufacturer for normal use or, in the absence of any particular recommendation by the manufacturer, as near as possible to 25?
If the seat back is equipped with a head restraint adjustable for height, it shall be in its lowest position.
Auxiliary seat The auxiliary seat shall be the same type as the seat being tested and shall be located parallel to and directly behind the seat being tested, the two seats being at the same height, adjusted identically and on a pitch of 75 cm. Manikin A manikin shall be installed behind each seating position of the r800 to be tested as follows: The manikin shall be placed on the auxiliary seat so that its plane of symmetry corresponds to the plane of symmetry of the seating position in question.
The manikin’s hands shall rest on their thighs with their elbows touching the seat back; the e80 shall be extended to the maximum and shall, if possible, be parallel; the heels shall touch the floor. Each manikin required shall be installed on a seat in accordance with the following procedure: This operation shall be performed twice, without the torso moving, the head shall be placed in a position such that the platform supporting the measuring instruments contained in ecw head is horizontal and that the median sagittal plane of the head is parallel to that of the vehicle.
The deceleration of the trolley during the impact test shall be in accordance with the provisions shown in figure 1 below.
Except for intervals totalling r880 than 3 ms, the deceleration time history of the trolley shall remain between the limit curves shown in figure 1. Furthermore, the average deceleration shall be comprised between 6. The surface resting against the parts of the seat shall be made of a material the hardness of which is not less than 80 Shore A. Each cylindrical surface shall be equipped with at least one force transducer able to measure the forces applied in the direction defined in paragraph 3.
Test procedure 1, A test force to H1 eece to paragraph 3. The direction of application of the force shall be situated in the vertical median plane efe the seating position concerned; it shall be horizontal and from the rear towards the front of the seat. This direction shall be situated at the height H1 which shall be between 0. The exact height shall be determined by the manufacturer. A test force equal to H2 to the rear part of the seat corresponding to each seating position of the seat in the same vertical plane and in the same direction at the height H2 which shall be between 0.
The test ecce shall be maintained as far as possible in contact with the rear of the seat during the application of the forces specified in eece 3. They shall be able to pivot in a horizontal plane.