Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.
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Foot traffic should not be permitted under the drip-line of this tree because falling fruit can seriously injure or kill human beings.
Winter hardy couroupiat USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Fruits hanging from trunk Photograph by: How many fingers does the typical human have?
Knuth Couroupita antillana Miers Couroupita froesii R.
Leaf margins are entire or finely serrate. Knuth Couroupita surinamensis Mart. Berg Couroupita saintcroixiana R. There are two areas of stamens: Many animals feed on the pulp and seeds, including peccaries, the pacaand domestic chickens and pigs.
Wikipedia guianendis incorporating a citation from the Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference Articles with ‘species’ microformats.
The pollinators must work their way between the two areas of stamens as they gather the pollen. Each fruit contains seeds which are embedded in an ill-smelling, soft red pulp which turns bluish-green when exposed to air. The flowers are strongly scented, and guiwnensis especially fragrant at night  and in the early morning.
Genus name is a modification of the name of a native tree used in Tropical America. It is primarily native to rainforests in the Guianas French Guiana, Buianensis and Guyana in northeastern South America, but has been widely planted in a number of different tropical to semi-tropical areas around the world. Other carpenter bees such as Xylocopa frontalisas well as waspsflower flies guianenss, and bumblebees couroupota, are also known to visit the flowers.
Year ISBN 0 3 guixnensis Description A very terse guide to the trees of Peru, managing to give basic guides to a large number of genera, with more detail on a few species in each genus. Dried rind of the fruit Photograph by: Smaller fruits may contain about 65 seeds, while large ones can hold as many as Plant as a curiosity in tropical gardens in areas where there will be minimal foot traffic under the tree when the ripened fruits are dropping.
Couroupita guianensis Conservation status. Knuth Lecythis bracteata Willd. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region. According to Buddhist tradition, Maya held onto the branch of a blossoming sal tree Shorea robusta while she was giving birth to the Lord Buddha.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Fallen fruit Photograph by: The leaves, which occur in clusters at the ends of branches, are usually 8 to 31 centimeters 3 to 12 inches long, but can reach lengths of up to 57 centimeters 22 inches.
Because of this, the sal tree is revered by many Buddhist people around the world. Flowering trunk Photograph by: Native Amazonians use extracts of several parts coouroupita the tree to treat hypertensiontumorspainand inflammation. Silhouette of the tree Photograph by: Fruit Gardening Vegetable Gardening.
Readable yet also very detailed. When ripe, fruits drop from the tree, usually splitting open as they hit the ground with an explosive guianrnsis. It is native to the rainforests of Central and South America and it is cultivated in many other tropical areas throughout the world because of its beautiful, fragrant flowers and large, interesting fruits.
Couroupita guianensis – Wikispecies
Not for the casual reader. Couroupita guianensisknown by a variety of common names including cannonball guianenis,  is a deciduous tree in the family Lecythidaceaewhich also includes the Brazil nut Bertholletia excelsa and Paradise nut Lecythis zabucajo. Although the flowers lack nectar, they are very attractive to beeswhich come for the pollen.
Each individual flower blooms for only one day. For reasons that remain unclear, after C.
The seeds are covered with trichomes which may protect them as they pass through the animals’ digestive systems. It has been used to treat the common coldstomachacheskin conditions and wounds, malariaand toothache. Sign up for our e-newsletter. Edible Medicinal and Nonmedicinal Plants.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Couroupita guianensis. The fruits take up to a year to mature in most areas, sometimes as long as 18 months. Culture Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.