Centrosema macrocarpum. Kletternde Schmetterlingserbse, Climbing Butterfly Pea, Spurred Butterfly Pea Synonyme: Centrosema lisboae. Image of Centrosema macrocarpum. Centrosema lisboae Trusted C. macrocarpum is distributed in Nicaragua, Brazil, Panama, Colombia, Bolivia, French. Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. Search in The Plant List Search in IPNI Search in Australian Plant Name Index Search in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Search in.
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Depending on plant age and soil fertility, N concentration in leaves ranges from 3.
In order to break hardseededness, mechanical or acid-scarification of seed is necessary. Tap-rooted, trailing perennial herb with slender stems, rooting at the nodes in some genotypes.
It has good tolerance of soil acidity including Al and Mn toxicity, and ecntrosema low available P. Biology, Agronomyand Utilization. Ovate leaflets, immature pods and seeds.
Fact sheet – Centrosema macrocarpum
Trellis-grown to facilitate hand harvest of seed. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account. Once established, it is centroseja drought-tolerant and can remain green during dry seasons as long as months. Fertilization with P and K enhances establishment of C.
This page was last modified on 28 Aprilat Leaf-eating insects can be a problem during dry periods. Further conditions which promote flowering are the removal of accumulated biomass and the provision of support for plants to climb up.
Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, the Netherlands. Because of the large degree of outcrossing, plant populations within a given ecotype can show considerable variation. Stem pilose with greyish hairs when young, glabrescent, centroaema at base.
Views Read View source View history. Seeds transversely oblong to rectangular, on average 5 macrocarupm x 3 mm, yellowish-brownish or black, plain, mottled or marbled.
Centrosema macrocarpum (PROSEA) – PlantUse English
When mown, cutting intervals will depend on soil moisture and fertility; weeks is suggested as an adequate interval with a cutting height of cm. Inflorescence an axillary raceme with up to 30 flowers inserted in pairs along rachis; flower papilionaceous, subtended by a pair of ovate-lanceolate-falcate bracteoles; calyx campanulate, 5-teethed with carinal tooth considerably longer than others; petals showy and cream-coloured with purple centre; standard orbicular-emarginate, cm in diameter, pubescent outside; wings and keel much smaller than standard, fentrosema upwards.
Experimental lines have spread to many tropical countries for testing, macrocrpum in South-East Asia. Tolerates very acid conditions, with high soluble Al and Mn. As yet, no cultivar has been released. Its potential seems to be greater in cut-and-carry systems and for protein banks than as a component in a grass-legume pasture, where it is sensitive to grazing mismanagement.
Adapted to low- to medium-fertility, well drained soils of various textures, particularly loams.
The main use of C. The legume is usually grazed or is consumed as fresh material after mowing. Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf. There are several groups of distinct C. Of these, the low-altitude ecotypes from northern South America Colombia, Venezuela are particularly promising as forage plants. Pod linear, compressed, up to 30 cm long, 1 cm wide, straight to slightly bent and beaked, subglabrous, containing up to 25 seeds, dehiscent.
A robust perennial, taprooted vine, prostrate in absence of a support; trailing stems with variable tendency to root at nodes. Flower and immature pods. Evidence of considerable outcrossing has centroema observed in C. Grasses suitable for association with C. A twining perennial with dehiscent pods.
When used in grazed pastures, legume persistence will be enhanced if C. A breeding project aimed at introducing the acid-soil tolerance of C.
Tripping of flowers, usually by large insects such macroarpum bumblebees, is required for seed-setting. The legume grows well on a range of soils, macrocarrpum they are well drained, but preferably on medium-textured soils. In pasture systems it can be grazed in pure legume stands “protein bank” or in a mixture with grass. None of the economically important diseases of the genus Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot, and bacterial blight has been observed to affect C.
Spread is localised by stolon development, extensive spread being limited by low amounts of seed produced under grazing. Because of its adaptation to acid, infertile soils and drought, and its high productivity and nutritive value and good disease tolerance, C. Insects may eat leaves, especially during dry periods.
It is suitable for cut-and-carry systems and can also be used as ground cover in plantation agriculture. Macrocatpum is tolerant of grazing and cutting once well established, but in mixtures with grasses, it tends to decline under intensive grazing.
Click on images to enlarge Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf.